1. Urban (not)planning
Cities were once highly compact and walkable places that blended residences and workplaces and where people commanded primacy. But that was before the automobile.
Now, the modern American city is nothing if not an ecosystem in service of these two-ton forces of congestion. Add up all the 18-lane highways and surface streets, the sprawling blacktop parking lots and sky-high decks, and you find that more than 60 percent of some cities’ precious downtown real estate has been devoted in some way to cars.
Depending on your preferred expert, autonomous vehicles will either reverse or accelerate the very worst symptoms of car-oriented urban planning: congestion, pollution, sprawl.
For traffic-plagued (DC, New York, Los Angeles, Atlanta, San Francisco) and sprawling (Jacksonville, Houston) cities, the stakes couldn’t be higher. But a national study of municipal preparedness for mass deployment of self-driving cars published this month in the journal of American Planning Association finds that urban planners have been largely asleep at the wheel.
- MIT urban planning scholars surveyed transportation and planning officials from 120 American cities with populations larger than 100,000.
- Only a tiny fraction of officials said their city is already “well prepared” for AVs, while even fewer said they have a “clear plan” for them.
- More than half of respondents said they were waiting for federal or state legislation before they act.
- Others said they lacked the specialized planning experience or resources. One respondent wrote simply: “We’re a poor city. Introduction of AVs would appear to need significant funding, which we don’t have.”
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The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration sent up smoke signals this week that the agency will presently develop a comprehensive, new regulatory and safety framework for autonomous vehicles.
In an advanced notice of proposed rulemaking published in the Federal Register, NHTSA said it’s considering reworks of the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards and the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Requirements.
Under current rules, the FMVSS doesn’t allow for the sale of cars that lack conventional controls like steering wheels and acceleration and braking pedals.
- The agency is interested in how it’s supposed to test and verify compliance with crash avoidance requirements in cars that lack conventional controls or seating orientation.
- It’s also interested whether stakeholders believe the FMCSR, which regulates commercial vehicles involved in interstate commerce, requires a human driver or whether advanced driver assistance systems qualify for CDL endorsements.
3. The Auto(nomous) Bahn
- Chinese startup Neolix has started mass production of autonomous delivery vans.
- Japan is easing AV and ADS rules ahead of the Tokyo Olympic Games.
- Transportation worker unions are beginning to organize to block transit network adoption of self-driving tech.
- A Bloomberg New Energy Finance report finds that AVs are finding the clearest route to showrooms in China, Germany, Singapore, South Korea and the United Kingdom. They all outpace the US, the report says, because it lacks national legislation.
- California is poised to allow light-duty robo-delivery vehicles on public roads by year’s end.
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